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Iowa Crop Progress and Weather Report - April 22-28, 2024

Iowa Crop Progress and Weather Report - April 22-28, 2024

By Andi Anderson

Iowa's agricultural landscape faced significant challenges during the week of April 22-28, 2024, as severe weather systems disrupted planting progress and brought devastation in the form of tornadoes. Despite initial dry conditions, the arrival of severe storms halted planting activities and inflicted damage across the state.

Crop Report: According to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa farmers experienced 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork during the week. However, severe storms, including tornadoes and hail, disrupted agricultural activities, particularly corn, soybean, and oat planting.

Topsoil moisture conditions showed improvement, with 5 percent rated very short, 17 percent short, 68 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus. Recent rains alleviated topsoil moisture deficits, reducing the percentage of short to very short conditions compared to the previous week.

Planting progress for key crops saw advancement, with corn planted reaching 39 percent complete, soybeans at 25 percent planted, and oats at 90 percent planted. However, the emergence of crops remained limited, with only 2 percent of corn and 53 percent of oats emerged.

Pastures and hay ground showed signs of greening up, although warmer temperatures were deemed necessary for optimal growth. Reports indicated the initiation of cattle turnout onto pasture areas.

Weather Summary: Dr. Justin Glisan, the State Climatologist at the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship, provided insights into the weather patterns observed during the week. The period witnessed several waves of severe thunderstorms, spawning multiple strong tornadoes and causing extensive damage across western and central Iowa.

Unseasonably warm conditions persisted throughout the week, with temperatures averaging 53.9 degrees, 2.0 degrees above normal. Clear skies and westerly winds dominated the early part of the week, followed by the arrival of a cold front, bringing spotty showers across the state.

Significant rainfall occurred, with some areas receiving up to 4.72 inches for the week. Tornadoes and severe storms caused substantial damage, with reports of hail and high winds adding to the impact.

Despite the challenges posed by severe weather, Iowa's agricultural community remains resilient, with farmers poised to resume planting activities once conditions permit.

The week of April 22-28 presented a formidable test for Iowa's agricultural sector, highlighting the resilience of farmers in the face of adversity. As recovery efforts continue, the state remains vigilant, adapting to the ever-changing conditions of the growing season.

Photo Credit: gettyimages-awakr10

Farm Progress Show Prepares for 2024 Event Farm Progress Show Prepares for 2024 Event
Iowa Concern - Support for Coping with Tornadoes and Storm Damage Iowa Concern - Support for Coping with Tornadoes and Storm Damage

Categories: Iowa, Crops, Weather

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