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Iowa Crop Progress Report Reveals Promising Farming Season Amid Weather Challenges
Iowa Ag Connection - 06/07/2023

Iowa Crop Progress and Condition Report ’Despite facing challenges posed by spotty thunderstorms and below-average rainfall, farmers in Iowa have made significant progress during the active farming season according to the USDA’s Iowa Crop Progress and Condition Report.

Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig expressed optimism about the report, highlighting the determination of farmers who took advantage of the 5.8 suitable fieldwork days during the week ending June 4.

Farmers seized the opportunity to apply crop protection products, side-dress fertilizer, and conduct hay-cutting operations. However, widespread rain totals remained below average, and the state continues to grapple with abnormally dry conditions. Despite this, weather forecasts indicate chances of precipitation and a return to more seasonal temperatures.

Corn planting is nearing completion, with only a few farmers remaining in the planting phase, while soybean planting has exceeded expectations. Remarkably, 98% of the expected soybean crop has already been planted, surpassing both last year's progress and the normal planting schedule.

Corn emergence has also shown impressive advancement, reaching 94%—one week ahead of last year and eight days ahead of the five-year average. However, corn condition experienced a slight decline, with a current rating of 72% good to excellent. Meanwhile, soybean emergence is progressing well, with 87% of soybeans already emerging. The oat crop is heading ahead of schedule, with a condition rating of 70% good to excellent.

The report also sheds light on the progress of hay cutting, which is significantly ahead of the five-year average, with 78% of the state's first cutting of alfalfa hay already completed. However, the condition of hay experienced a 6-percentage-point decline, now rated at 52% good to excellent. Additionally, pasture condition dropped to 42% good to excellent.

The week's weather exhibited scattered thunderstorms and unseasonably warm temperatures, with the statewide average temperature reaching 73.7 degrees—8.3 degrees above normal. Rainfall remained below average, but the forecasts bring hope, indicating chances of precipitation and a return to more typical weather patterns.

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