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Iowa Corn Silage Crop Up 43 Percent in 2019
Iowa Ag Connection - 01/13/2020

Corn for grain production in Iowa for 2019 is estimated at 2.58 billion bushels, according to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Crop Production 2019 Summary report. Current year production is 3 percent more than the previous year's 2.50 billion bushels. Iowa has led the Nation in corn production for the last 26 consecutive years and 41 of the last 42 years. Iowa's corn for grain yield is estimated at 198 bushels per acre. Area harvested for grain is estimated at 13.1 million acres, 300,000 acres above 2018. Corn planted for all purposes in 2019 is estimated at 13.5 million acres.

Corn for silage production is estimated at 7.92 million tons, up 43 percent from 2018. The silage yield estimate of 22.0 tons per acre is up 1.5 tons per acre from 2018. Producers harvested 360,000 acres of corn for silage, up 33 percent from 2018.

Soybean production is estimated at 502 million bushels in 2019. This is down 9 percent from last year's 550 million bushels. The Iowa soybean crop yielded 55.0 bushels per acre in 2019. The harvested acreage of 9.12 million is down 710,000 acres from 2018. Soybean planted acreage, at 9.20 million, is down 750,000 acres from 2018.

All hay production for the state is estimated at 3.12 million tons, up 4 percent from the 3.00 million tons produced in 2018.

Producers averaged 3.05 tons per acre, down from 3.19 tons in 2018. All hay harvested acres are estimated at 1.02 million acres, up 80,000 acres from 2018.

Alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures production is estimated at 2.38 million tons, up 4 percent from 2018. Producers averaged 3.40 tons per acre, down 0.30 ton from 2018. Harvested acres are up 80,000 from last year, to 700,000 acres. Iowa producers seeded 140,000 acres of new seedings of alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures in 2019, up 33 percent from 2018.

Other hay production is estimated at 736,000 tons, up 5 percent from 2018. Producers averaged 2.30 tons per acre, up 0.10 ton per acre from the 2018 yield. Harvested acres of other hay, at 320,000, are equal to 2018 acres.

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