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Iowa crop progress report highlights rain impact on farming

Iowa crop progress report highlights rain impact on farming

By Andi Anderson

The latest crop progress report for Iowa highlights the impact of heavy rains on farming activities, especially in the south central and northeast regions of the state.

According to the USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Iowa farmers had only 3.5 days suitable for fieldwork during the week ending July 7, 2024. The frequent rains raised concerns about hay collection and weed spraying.

Topsoil moisture conditions in Iowa are generally favorable, with 77 percent rated as adequate and 19 percent as surplus. Subsoil moisture conditions are similarly positive, with 77 percent adequate and 17 percent surplus. These moisture levels are critical for crop health as the growing season progresses.

Corn silking in Iowa has reached 17 percent, matching last year's progress and four days ahead of the five-year average. The condition of the corn crop is commendable, with 76 percent rated good to excellent.

Soybean crops are also showing strong progress, with 32 percent blooming, slightly behind last year but on par with the average. Additionally, 5 percent of soybeans have started setting pods, with 76 percent of the soybean crop rated good to excellent.

The oat crop is performing well, with 95 percent headed or beyond, and 63 percent turning color, which is five days ahead of the average. Oat harvesting for grain is 8 percent complete, six days ahead of the average. The oat condition is rated 79 percent good to excellent, indicating a healthy crop.

Iowa's second cutting of alfalfa hay has reached 34 percent completion, with hay conditions rated 81 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions are also favorable, with 73 percent rated good to excellent. However, feedlot conditions remain challenging due to excess precipitation and flooding, leading to muddy conditions.

Despite the challenges posed by heavy rains and limited fieldwork days, Iowa's crops are generally in good condition. The favorable moisture levels have supported crop development, ensuring that corn, soybeans, and oats continue to progress well. Farmers are working diligently to manage their crops and mitigate the effects of the weather.

Iowa's agricultural sector has faced significant weather challenges, but the overall crop conditions remain positive. The timely rains have both helped and hindered farming activities, emphasizing the need for continued vigilance and adaptability in managing crop progress.

Photo Credit: usda

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Categories: Iowa, Crops, Corn, Soybeans, Weather

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