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Iowa Milk Cow Inventory Up 15,000; Beef Cows Down 45,000
Iowa Ag Connection - 02/01/2023

All cattle and calves in Iowa as of January 1, 2023, totaled 3.65 million head, according to the latest USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service – Cattle report. This was down 210,000 head from January 1, 2022. Beef cows, at 860,000 head, were down 45,000 head from last year. Milk cow inventory was up 15,000 head at 240,000 head.

All heifers 500 pounds and over were down 9 percent at 790,000 head. Heifers for beef cow replacement were down 19 percent from 2022 at 130,000 head; heifers for milk cow replacement, at 120,000 head, were unchanged from the previous year; and all other heifers were down 8 percent at 540,000 head.

Steers weighing 500 pounds and over were down 4 percent from last year at 1.24 million head. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over were unchanged at 60,000 head. Calves under 500 pounds on January 1, 2023, totaled 460,000 head, down 10 percent from last year.

The 2022 calf crop was estimated at 1.07 million head, down 5 percent from the 2021 calf crop. Cattle and calves on feed for slaughter in all feedlots on January 1, 2023, totaled 1.15 million head, down 2 percent from one year ago.

All cattle and calves in the United States as of January 1, 2023 totaled 89.3 million head, 3 % below the 92.1 million head on January 1, 2022. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 38.3 million head, were 3 below the 39.4 million head on January 1, 2022. Beef cows, at 28.9 million head, were down 4 % from a year ago. Milk cows, at 9.40 million head, were up slightly from the previous year.

All heifers 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2023 totaled 19.2 million head, 4% below the 19.9 million head on January 1, 2022. Beef replacement heifers, at 5.16 million head, were down 6% from a year ago. Milk replacement heifers, at 4.34 million head, were down 2% from the previous year. Other heifers, at 9.67 million head, were down 3% from a year earlier. Steers weighing 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2023 totaled 16.1 million head, down 3% from January 1, 2022. Bulls weighing 500 pounds and over as of January 1, 2023 totaled 2.03 million head, down 4% from January 1, 2022. Calves under 500 pounds as of January 1, 2023 totaled 13.6 million head, down 3% from January 1, 2022.

The 2022 calf crop in the United States was estimated at 34.5 million head, down 2% from the previous year's calf crop.


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